Top 20 Oral Health Issues- You Need To Take Care About Them

Those who try to take care of their oral health right from the beginning are the one who lives their life with less dental problems. Still, many people in this world face different types of oral health issues, and we will tell you some of them.

Top 20 Oral Health Issues

1. Periodontal (Gum) Disease

Gum or periodontal disease is an infection of the gums that surrounds the teeth and is one of the main causes of tooth loss among adults. Gum disease can happen to anyone, but it is more likely to develop after a person passes the age of 30. There can be symptoms like sensitive teeth, painful chewing, swelling, tenderness, red, bleeding gums, etc. Periodontitis and gingivitis are two of the major stages of gum disease. To prevent this problem, one must need to brush for at least twice a day.

2. Dental Cavities

Having a regular consumption of beverages and foods which are high in sugar can cause damage in the teeth. Bacteria nourish the sugar to develop acids that attack the tooth’s enamel. And if a person’s tooth is not cleaned regularly, such acids can create holes or cavities in them.

3. Diabetes

Not only are diabetics more vulnerable to infections like infected gums, which can lead towards periodontal disease, but periodontal disease can also make diabetes more complicated to manage. Those facing diabetic problems need to take special care of their oral health to avoid complications with their disease. Due to gum diseases that can proceed to higher than ordinary blood sugar levels, the person with poor oral health is at an increased risk of developing diabetes.

4. Halitosis (Bad Breath)

Different types of non-dental causes are there to be found regarding bad breath. Medications can lead towards a dry mouth. If the mouth isn’t getting enough saliva, food particles and bacteria can stay there in the teeth. Brushing and flossing are possibly one of the greatest alternatives to get rid of bad breath. You also need to clean your tongue to help remove bad breath.

5. Cardiovascular Disease

Maintaining poor oral health can put a person at risk of heart disease. If the gums are inflamed because of bacteria that cause periodontal disease, that same bacteria can reach the bloodstream and cause the arteries to develop plaque and harden. Hardening of bacteria can lead towards heart blockages and blood flow problems. Along with that, the likelihood of having a heart attack also gets increased.

Damaging impact on blood vessels and arteries can lead to hypertension and create a stroke risk. Even there are chances for endocarditis to develop, which refers to a fatal condition when the heart’s lining becomes infected.

6. Poor Diet

There is a great role of diet in the oral health of a person. Intake of fizzy drinks and eating sugary foods can damage the teeth and make them susceptible to decay and erosion. We don’t recommend you to avoid all those things that contain sugar, but it is better if you rinse your mouth properly after eating such things for the betterment of your oral health. Try to consume sugar to meal times only. Snacking can lead towards more acid attacks in the teeth. Instead of going for six to seven snacks per day, it is better to make a habit of three times meals per day. It is very crucial to maintain a balanced diet for our body and it is also important for our teeth to keep away from too much sugar.

7. Brushing

Almost all of us try to brush our teeth at least once in a day. But it will be better if brushing is applied at least two times a day for a matter of near about two minutes. Laziness towards brushing or skipping it can prove costly to a person. It is because daily brushing is crucial, and it removes the plaque. If plaque isn’t removed and continues to build up, dental problems like gum disease and tooth decay can occur. Proper brushing can remove the bits of food left behind in the mouth and save a person from germs.

8. Cancer

Poor oral health practices like smoking or using tobacco products can put a person into throat and oral cancers, but do you know that other types of cancer are also connected with gum disease? People having poor oral health contain a risk of blood cancers, kidney cancer, or pancreatic cancer.

9. Crowded Or Crooked Teeth

Even these types of teeth can bring oral health problems. Cleaning crooked teeth can be a difficult task. there can be headaches and jaw pain, leading to improper chewing. Numerous orthodontic options are available for straightening the teeth.

10. Gingivitis

It is one of the initial stages of gum (periodontal) disease. It is an inflammation of the gums caused by plaque build-up on the teeth. Dental plaque is a sticky and virtually invisible film of bacteria that forms steadily on the teeth. If such plaque isn’t removed daily with the help of brushing and flossing, it can harden up and become tartar.

11. Periodontitis

Another form of gum (periodontal) disease is periodontitis. It is considered as one of the advanced stages of gum disease. Periodontitis can be identified as irritating the tissues supporting the teeth, bones, and gums. As time passes, such tissues separate from the teeth and space between the teeth. The gum becomes deeper, exposing the gum and loosening the teeth.

12. Oral Cancer

It is a serious disease and sometimes can be deadly. Millions of people have been affected by this condition. One of the biggest risk factors for oral cancer is the usage of tobacco and alcohol. With the help of regular dental visits, it will be helpful in catching oral cancer at an early stage. You can see the dentist if there are symptoms like swallowing or trouble chewing. There is a special need to avoid alcohol, tobacco eating, and cigarette smoking.

13. Tooth Erosion

It refers to the loss of tooth structure. Tooth erosion is caused by the acid attacking the enamel. Symptoms like sensitivity and severe problems like cracking can be faced during tooth erosion. The good thing is that it can be prevented.

14. Mouth Ulcers

Mouth Ulcers are small but can be very painful and uncomfortable, particularly when it comes into contact with liquids and foods. They are a tiny, white-coloured sore with a red edge. Such ulcers can develop inside the lips, cheeks, palate, tongue, or gums. Different types of factors can trigger the occurrence of mouth ulcers, like ill-fitting dentures or braces, tissue injury inside the mouth, nutritional deficiencies or food allergies, physical fatigue, and certain medications.

15. Respiratory Infections

The respiratory system of our body can suffer due to poor health. Bacteria present in the mouth from swollen gums and infected teeth can be breathed into the lungs, or there are chances to travel through the bloodstream. There can be problems of respiratory infections, acute bronchitis, and pneumonia if bacteria reach there.

16. Infertility

It has been said that poor oral health is connected with infertility among women. Gum diseases lead to different health issues, making it difficult for a woman to conceive and sustain a healthy pregnancy.

17. Broken Filling

If a tiny piece of a filling falls out, there can be a thought among people that it is worthwhile to have the filling replaced, particularly if the broken filling is not providing any pain or discomfort. We must say that it is essential to have a broken filling repaired to prevent bacteria from entering the exposed part of the tooth, which can result in infection or decay.

18. Kidney Disease

Chronic kidney disease is a major health problem that eventually affects the kidneys, blood pressure, bones, and heart. Kidney disease can happen due to infections in the body, like periodontal disease. People suffering from gum disease usually have weaker immune systems and are more likely to acquire infections. Many people suffer from very poor oral health and also experience kidney disease. Such diseases can be fatal if they lead towards cardiovascular disease or kidney failure.

19. Tooth Abscess

A tooth abscess supposes to be quite painful and is a purulent mouth infection that can affect the teeth, supporting tissues or gums. Different dental abscesses are there to see, out of which the gingival abscess is one. It affects the area surrounding the tooth and distinguishes by inflamed and red gums. Two other abscesses are a periodontal abscess and a periapical abscess.

20. Tooth Sensitivity

It is also considered as one of the common problems affecting millions of people. It refers to a condition when a person experiences pain or discomfort in his teeth from hot or cold items, sweets, cold air, etc. Sensitive teeth can point towards tooth abscess or a cracked tooth that requires treatment to prevent losing the teeth or getting an infection in the jaw bone.

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