People suffer from different oral problems,the reason behind this can be improper care of oral health. As a result, there can be a presence of cavities that can casue some trouble with oral health. A cavity can be identified as one of the consequences of bad oral health and can be painful. It takes place when the hard surface of our teeth gets damaged and the damage forms into a hole. A cavity can also be termed as tooth decay that often takes place due to bacteria. Bacteria emerge from improper care of the teeth and eating unhealthy food. Some of the symptoms of the cavity include discoloration of the tooth’s surface, visible openings in the teeth, moderate pain at the time of eating or drinking, tooth pain generally for no apparent reason and sensitive teeth.
About Cavity Fillings
When someone experiences such kinds of symptoms, they must not wait or hesitate to meet their dentist with an immediate effect. The dentist will most likely have to fill the cavity to eliminate problems of the teeth. Cavity filling can be described as the process where the oral health practitioner fills the hole in the teeth with the help of some tooth-like material. The process proves to be fairly simple and straightforward and the patient is expected to be at his dentist’s office for around an hour. There can be a requirement of taking X-rays of the inside of the mouth. Before the process of filling cavities begins, the dentist will first numb the teeth and some surrounding parts of the gums. After that, he will remove the decay and clean the affected part. In the end, the cavity or the hole will be filled with the chosen material. With the help of cavity filling, the holes through which bacteria enter and cause further decay gets closed. This activity will stop the damage to the patient’s teeth on that part, as long as he or she continues to take good care of the teeth.
Types of Cavity Filling
There is a range of options available for fillings. The dentist may use gold, silver amalgam, tooth-colored composite material, porcelain, and special types of glass, however, every material contains its pros and cons.
1. Amalgam fillings have been considered as one of the longest-used material by the dentists for cavity filling and prove to be strong. That’s why it is ideal for filling cavities in chewing areas like molars or the backside of the mouth. There is a presence of some metallic elements in the amalgam fillings and their presence can be notified when a person smiles. But one of the good things regarding amalgam or silver fillings is that they are the least expensive.
2. Composite fillings are prepared from a mixture of plastic-type materials and are best suited for slighter to mid-sized cavities in teeth that perform a good amount of chewing. One of their advantages is that they can be customized to be the exact color of the patient’s teeth.
3. Porcelain fillings can also be identified as inlays and onlays and just like composite fillings; they can also be matched to the color of the tooth. The cost of porcelain fillings can be compared to be similar to gold and they have a tendency to resist staining.
4. Cavity filling can also be done with the help of metals like silver amalgam or gold and both of them are counted as one of the common metals for this activity. However, there is a huge difference in terms of the cost of both these metals as gold filling proves to be more costly than silver amalgam fillings. It is said that the life of metal fillings can be stretched up to 10-15 years.
5. There is a type of filling known as glass ionomer cavity filling but it proves to be less durable if we compare with other types and contains a life of nearly five years. It is a kind of composite filling and discharges fluoride to assist safeguard the teeth.
There are some helpful suggestions that can be applied by a person who has undergone cavity filling. The first and important thing is to keep up good oral hygiene after the filling. It means he or she will have to brush nearly two times a day and it will be better if they attempt to floss for at least once a day. Also manage to visit the dentist twice a year so that they could perform some check-ups and if there is a presence of any other oral health problem, the dentist will identify and try to solve the issue. Make sure to keep an eye on the diet and avoid those foods that are sticky or hard in nature as they can dislodge the filling. It will be an ordinary activity to feel some discomfort for some days, but if there is a presence of sensitivity, a visible crack in the filling or if the part of filling has been missed, try to call the dentist.