A dental filling can be understood by an approach for restoring a tooth that has been decayed, to its ordinary shape and function. When someone suffers from a condition like the presence of a cavity in their tooth, a filling is recommended by the dentist. Let’s understand a process that can take place inside the mouth. When you eat something and food particles along with plaque keep in contact with the teeth for lengthened time because of improper brushing or something sticky or sweet have remained, there can be a gathering of bacteria build-up causing toxins and acid discharge that suspend the enamel. The enamel then changes to its original color and the color change depending on how much it has weakened or dissolved from colors like light to dark yellow, then light brown to dark brown and finally jet black.
Steps Involved in a Dental Filling
When someone is advised to have a dental filling in their tooth, he or she will be given a local anesthetic in order to numb the region around the tooth to be filled. This contains gums and surrounding skin so that discomfort during the process should be avoided or lessen. After that, help can be taken from things like a drill, laser, or air abrasion instrument for eliminating the decayed part. The usage of an instrument will be based on the comfort level of the dentist for the treatment, his training, or maybe the location and extent of the decay. When decay has been removed, the dentist may probe or test the part to ensure whether all the decay has been eliminated.
Once the decay is eliminated from the patient’s mouth, the practitioner will arrange the space for the dental filling by cleaning the cavity of debris and bacteria. When there is a presence of decay close to the root, the dentist may put a liner made up of composite resin, glass ionomer, or there can be a usage of some other material to defend the nerve. In general cases, the dentist will finish and polish it after the filling is in. Once the process of dental filling is done, the mouth will remain to be numb for some more hours. In such cases, make sure to follow the instructions given by the dentist and avoid those things that can create some problems or risks.
Types of Dental Fillings
When the discussion about the cavity to be filled comes up, it becomes crucial to know that the patient has the right to choose, after consulting with their oral surgeon that what materials and treatment procedures will be applied to the dental care. Talking about available options in the segment of dental fillings, there are composite resins, dental amalgam, and gold fillings, etc.
1. Composite Resins
Can also be identified as tooth-colored fillings that are produced with a combination of glass or quartz filler. These things are able to deliver superior resistance and durability to fracture in tiny to mid-size fillings which require enduring modest pressure from chewing. The color or shade of composite resins can be closely matched with the color of existing teeth and they prove to be well suited especially for visible parts of the teeth or the one which stands in front. Apart from the quality of being used as a filling material for decay, they can also be used in broken, worn or chipped teeth.
2. Dental Amalgams
Are made from a mixture of metals like copper, tin, silver, and mercury. Sometimes it is also described as silver-colored fillings. Amalgam proves to be durable and has been adopted for generations by oral practitioners. It has been said that amalgams can live a life of at least 10 to 15 years and proves to be less expensive than composite fillings. They also prove to have a good strength that can withstand chewing forces.
3. Gold Fillings
Are composed of an alloy of things like copper, gold and other metals. They can also be known as inlays or onlays. It contains a nice durability of nearly 10 to 15 years and does not corrode. It also contains strength like silver-colored fillings that can withstand forces. As compared to silver fillings, its presence can be more pleasing.
Some other filling types include glass ionomer and ceramics. Talking about glass ionomer, they are made up of acrylic and a particular kind of glass material. Ceramics are made most often of porcelain. They prove to be more resistant to staining as compared to composite resin material and can last for about 15 years.
Costsof Dental Filling
The cost varies from place to place. Along with that, there will be some factors like the material being used by the practitioner, size of the filling, amount of residual structure of the teeth, and the material being implemented by the dentist. You can ask for the exact amount of dental filling from the dentist whom you manage to take the treatment.
Other Things to Keep In Mind
There might be a presence of some symptoms and they can range from mild to moderate that will settle under some days. Talking about preventative maintenance and aftercare, people must know that cavities or decay can be prevented by different kinds of procedures like applying fluoride application for attracting more calcium and protecting the tooth from bacterial acid breakdown and sealants in the teeth’s fissures to avoid food lodgment. The life of a dental filling can be supposed to go anywhere from three to seven years, but there will be a requirement of annual regular checkups. There might be a condition when the doctor recommends not to eator drink for some hours. It is because this activity may outcome in person accidentally biting their cheek or tongue. When there will be a presence of dental filling in the tooth, one of the most common occurrences can be identified as sensitivity. Some of the factors that can be responsible for triggering sensitivity after a dental filling contain sugary foods like candy, biting down at the time of eating, acidic foods and drinks, the air hitting the tooth, hot drinks like coffee, cold foods or drinks like ice cream or beverages with ice. That’s why we recommend you to follow the instructions given by your dentist and stay protected from such problems.