In a healthy mouth, our gums get to fit tightly around the teeth. An ordinary distance between the gum tissue and teeth is near about 1 to 3 mm in depth. Bacteria are always there to cause different types of oral health problems; for that, you need to stay on top of proper oral health responsibilities like brushing, flossing, and consistant professional cleanings. Increase of bacteria can cause plaque to form as a sticky material on the teeth. If plaque remains there on the teeth, it will develop tartar. Tartar is known to be a hardened type of plaque which can’t be removed easily with the help of brushing. Such toxins ultimately expand on the gum line and teeth, resulting in irritation of the gum tissue which is known as gingivitis.
About Gum Pockets
Periodontal disease is one of the causes of adult tooth loss and is affecting millions of people around the world. This disease has been connected with different types of health problems like heart disease, diabetes, and problems in pregnancy. Symptoms of gum diseases are supposed to be very delicate and this is why people don’t realize that they have gum disease until it creates a serious impact. Gum disease can move towards deeper spaces around the teeth called periodontal or gum pockets. A gum pocket refers to a gap or space between our teeth and its neighbouring gums. If it is left untreated, there can be a problem of tooth loss. With the help of early diagnosis and treatment, there are brighter chances to keep the teeth healthy for a lifetime.
Creation of a Pocket
The top of the gum tissue doesn’t connect directly to the teeth even in healthy gums. Instead, tiny spaces between gum and teeth are there, known as the sulcus. although most bacteria and food particles are cleared away with the help of brushing and flossing, they can be collected in the sulcus. Ultimately the process of gingivitis can take place as we said before. The irritation, as well as swelling due to tartar and plaque, can result in the formation of pocket between the teeth and gums. Due to this process, the once healthy sulcus becomes deeper as it has been diseased. Eventually, the gum pocket makes an ideal place for plaque, tartar, and bacteria to shelter. Deepening of the pocket can cause further loss of bone along with an attachment of gum tissue beneath the gum line and wearing away the structures which hold the teeth in place.
Many people think that our teeth are supported directly with the bones in the jaw, but the true anatomy is more complex. Actually, our teeth are held in place with the help of numerous small fibres which attach the root of the tooth to the bones. There can be damaged in such fibres or they can be destroyed by bacterial infections which stem from untreated periodontal disease. At the time of periodontitis, pockets permit infection to increase, resulting in underneath the gums and bone loss.
Sometimes a 4 mm measurement is frequently the dividing line between a periodontal pocket and an ordinary sulcus. Though, while pocket depth is important, some other factors must be taken into thought at the time of diagnosing gum disease. Like even gingivitis, where irritation hasn’t spread beyond the gum tissue, can lead towards a higher reading. It can happen when irritation causes the gums to develop swelling, which in turn, causes the dimension between the top of the gum tissue and bottom of the sulcus to increase.
When other signs are visible like gum bleeding, a measurement of 4 mm can well specify a gum pocket. Though, the dentist in such cases can consider a 4 mm space to be a sulcus, as long as no bleeding is there. On the other side, an ordinary dimension like 3 mm space can be considered a pocket when bleeding, tartar and inflammation are present.
When facing a healthy condition, gingival tissue gets attached to the surface of the teeth and contains a light pink colour. When there is an inflammation in the gums, the colour changes to red. At such cases, it becomes easy to explore blood coming out at the time of brushing, flossing and the gingival tissue becomes tender and puffy. Due to gum disease contains various progressive stages, numerous gum pocketsymptoms are there. But remember, not all of them happen in people affected by this oral pathology.
Many patients do not pay attention towards early symptoms of gum pockets due to lack of discomfort and pain. Those who are affected with gum disease can notice and feel different types of signs like red and swollen gums, moderate bad breath, gingival inflammation or pain, bleeding at the time of brush or floss, in the initial stage.
When symptoms get advanced, there can be pus within the gum pocket, loose or shifting teeth, or yellowish teeth base due to the accumulation of plaque and tartar. When gum pockets become very deep, beyond 7 mm, the infection begins to attack and harm the periodontal structures which support each teeth. You can also understand in another sense that three main parts are there who work together to keep each tooth firmly in place and they are periodontal ligaments, alveolar bone, and gingiva.
Gum Pockets Treatment
Gum pockets are serious but not the end of the world. In many cases, it can be treated with the help of natural ways, like practicing good oral hygiene, making lifestyle changes and using home remedies. Such procedures with the help of professional dental care can be helpful in reducing the gum pocket and there are brighter chances to improve oral health.
You need to brush your teeth two times a day on a regular basis to preventgum pockets. Try to opt for soft-bristled toothbrush and don’t make hard attempts on the teeth. Try to make the process of brushing in a gentle manner. It is because rough and hard brushing can be responsible for causing the gums to recede further. Brushing in both the morning and at night is helpful in removing bacteria and food that make their shelter in the pockets. It is recommended to advance for brushing after every meal, if possible. It will be helpful in preventing the area which requires healing from being exposed to more food and bacteria.
You can try to brush with the help of an electric toothbrush as it will be able to clean down deeper into the pockets as compared to the traditional toothbrush. Even floss can be implemented at such stages. Try to take a floss of near about 18 inches then hold it between the thumb and forefinger in each hand. After that, insert it between the teeth with the help of a rubbing motion. It becomes crucial not to shatter the floss into spaces between the teeth because it can harm the gums.
There are some home remedies that can be implemented for the treatment of gum pockets. What you need to do is mixing half to a three-fourths teaspoon of salt into about 250 ml glass of lukewarm water. Take some water into the mouth, swish it around for nearly 30 seconds and then spit it out. Performing this natural treatment is able to clean out the gum pockets and it will assist them in heal.
You can also take help from oil pulling. In this process, you will have to swish a small amount of oil, more likely coconut oil, around the mouth for cleaning. Just take 1 or 2 teaspoons, let them inside the mouth for 15-20 minutes and move the oil around the teeth at that interval. You can perform this process whenever intending to brush the teeth. Oil pulling is helpful in pulling bacteria and toxins out of the gum pockets and eventually allowing them to heal more effectively.
Along with that, you can make some lifestyle changes for treating gum pockets. If someone is suffering from this condition and contains a habit of smoke, there can be an adverse effect on their gums and teeth. For reducing the gum pockets, it will be better for a person to stop smoking.
Sugary foods like candy or soda are helpful in hurting the gums and can amplify the size of gum pockets. In order to save yourself from problems like gum pocket, try to reduce or cut them out from the diet if possible. If cutting sugar on a complete basis looks like a hard task, you can make a healthy habit to brush after eating or drinking it. Not right after, wait for some matter of time and then go for brushing. It is because if you’ll brush when the acid is still present in the teeth, there will be chances of damaging the enamel.
You can make an involvement of healthy foods to your diet which will also improve the oral health and more importantly assist the body in reducing the gum pockets. Things like leafy vegetables, lean fats like fish, fruits, and nuts are helpful in providing your gums and teeth the nutrients they require to be healthy. Try to eat anti-inflammatory foods like fish. It is because gum pockets are caused due to inflammation. That’s why such things will help in reducing it.