Mouth Sores : Canker and Cold Sores, Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Mouth sores can be described as little cuts or ulcers in the mouth. They can originate in and around the mouth. However, they have a tendency to heal on their own within a week or two. The sores may have a colour of dark red or may have small white particles in the middle side. Sores can become infected and cause bleeding. There are different types of causes responsible for mouth sores. They can happen by infections of bacteria, radiation treatments to the neck and head area, dehydration, oxygen therapy, poor mouth care, irritation of a loose orthodontic wire: a denture that has a sharp edge from a broken tooth or filling or the one that doesn’t fit.

Those who pursue items related to tobacco or alcohol, who have a lack of proteins and vitamin are also prone towards mouth sores. As we said that the healing process might not take a long time, but they can prove to be very painful and lead towards dehydration, weight loss or poor eating. Mouth sores are basically divided into two parts, i.e., canker sores and cold sores. Both of them have been mentioned below.

Canker Sores And Cold Sores

Canker Sores And Cold Sores
When the weather comes into its colder state, a person is more likely to get canker or cold sores. However, they are different from each other but contain almost similar trigger like facial trauma, stress, hormonal changes and can be painful. Their treatments are also the same, but it is necessary to distinguish between both of them to ensure that a person gets the best treatment available.

If we break them down, we will see that both of them are different conditions with similar causes. Our mouth is an outstanding measure of the health of our body’s immune system.  We will tell you about both the sores in a detailed manner so that you will get to know about their causes and treatments.

About Cold Sores

About Cold Sores
Cold sores are captured at the outside part of the mouth. It is sometimes known as a fever blister. It mainly develops as one or different red, blistered areas on the lips. Despite their name, they are not caused by common cold. They typically result from a viral infection named herpes simplex virus (HSV). They will appear clearly in the initial time then become cloudy.

Symptoms

Symptoms
Cold sores contain mainly three types of development in which the first one will be itching, tingling, and burning. Often, people may realize this type of sore coming on one or two days before it actually takes place. The second development will be blisters. A breakout appears and small clusters of blisters will take place on different areas of the face. In the end, there comes crusting, scabbing and oozing. These types of sores may merge and burst, that leaves shallow open sores which crust over. There are some other symptoms like headache, muscle aches, sore throat, and lymph nodes.

Causes

Causes
One of the major causes of cold sores is the herpes simplex virus (HSV). Unfortunately, the sores are infectious when they are open. It means that the virus can spread when sharing drinks, utensils, towels or by kissing. This type of virus stays in our body and is often triggered by things like extreme pressure, weakened the immune system, stress or exhaustion. It can cause cold sore outbreaks at any time.

Treatments

Treatments
However, there is no cure for cold sores, but you can try out some home remedies to speed up the healing time. Don’t try to touch the affected part as it can dry it out and there become the chances of a bacterial infection. You can go for aloe vera as it soothes the inflammation while also moisturizing the cold sore. Take things which are rich in vitamins. You also need to take small bites at the time of eating to keep away from any aggressive movements that can become responsible to open the cold sore.

About Canker Sores

About Canker Sores
Another variety of mouth sores that makes their way inside the mouth are canker sores. They are twice as common in women and usually appear firstly at the age of ten to twenty. However, they may appear as early as age two. Their targeted points are lips, cheeks, and tongue. They are a type of small ulcers and have been classified into three different categories. The most common of them are minor canker sores, the rest two that proves to be rare are major canker sores and herpetiform canker sores.

Symptoms

These types of sores have a shape or oval or circle and have a yellow or white colour that is surrounded by a red border. It can cause pain at the time of talking, drinking or eating. The pain of these types of sores is rarely intolerable but is often extremely annoying. They can make their shelter inside the tongue, at the base of the gum line, anywhere in the soft tissue palate or inside the cheek or lip.

Causes

Canker sores can be caused by stress, some medicines, irritation caused by orthodontic braces, mouth injury like biting the tongue or cheek, bacteria, viruses, a weakened immune system, food allergies, etc.

Treatment

Unless the sores become too large, there is no need to visit the doctor. You can try an oral pain reliever as ointments are difficult to place inside the mouth. Try to keep the mouth clean by brushing, but don’t irritate the sore. Avoid spicy or salty food when the sores are healing. There are some gels available in the market that can be used to numb the sore and ease the pain.

Conclusion

As we have explained about both the sores in a detailed way, let’s remind you about the differences of both these sores in quick succession. Canker sores appear in the soft tissues inside the mouth, while cold sores usually happen outside the mouth. Canker sores are ulcers while cold sores are blisters. Canker sores aren’t infectious. On the other hand, cold sores are very infectious. Both of them are two different conditions which indicate that your immune system is low.

Things You Need To Know About Jaw Pain, Causes & Symptoms

Introduction

A common problem that affects millions of people all over the world is jaw and facial pain. Out of which we are going to discuss more deeply about the jaw pain. It can be a debilitating condition which affects the ability of a person to eat or speak. Various things are responsible for causing jaw pain, whether we talk from teeth to jaw or sinuses to ears. It eventually means that difficulty can arise to tell someone if the jaw pain is due to a jaw issue or something else.

Jaw Pain Causes

Jaw Pain Causes
Pain in the body can be considered as the body’s way of indicating that something is wrong. Regarding jaw pain, there are different types of possible causes that have been mentioned below.

  1. Temporomandibular joint and muscle disorder (TMD)

It is regarded as one of the common causes of jaw pain. Sometimes it is also addressed as TMJ. The temporomandibular joints are the pivot joints that are located on each side of the jaw. Causes responsible for TMD include excess provoking of the jaw point, pain from the muscles which control jaw movement, arthritis of the protective disc which cushions the jaw point, injury to the jaw point, and a displaced disc that eventually helps to cushion the jaw movement.

Damage to the jaw point or muscles which control the jaw movement can be caused by several factors like grinding the teeth at night, involuntarily clenching the jaw due to stress and anxiety, trauma to the joint of the jaw, like getting hit on the face at the time of playing sports.

  1. Sinus Problems

Sinuses are known as air-filled cavities that are neighbors of the jaw joint. If they become infected with a germ like bacteria or virus, it can result in excess of mucus which forces pressure to the jaw joint and thus can cause pain.

  1. Teeth Clenching-Grinding

Most often, they are experienced at the time of sleep and can lead towards jaw pain and tooth damage. Teeth grinding and clenching can also happen at the time of increased emotional stress. Symptoms of bruxism (grinding) contain jaw, neck and face pain, dental problems, headaches, etc. Even excessive gum chewing can also cause jaw pain.

  1. Toothaches

A crack tooth may cause intermittent, sharp or dull jaw pain which is triggered by eating or biting. A cavity may originate continuous pain that is deteriorated by hot or cold food. Some other dental problems including dry sockets and a tooth abscess may lead towards jaw pain.

  1. Osteomyelitis

It is an infection which travels through the bloodstream of body affecting an individual’s bones and any surrounding tissues. When an individual experiences osteomyelitis of the jaw, the TMD is impacted and causes jaw pain, facial swelling, and fever. However, this condition is curable in medical science with a surgical procedure or a series of antibiotics to clear the areas of the bone that have been expired by the infection.

  1. Dental Conditions

Causes of jaw pain may include gum disease, abscess or cavities. However, many of these issues do not affect the jaw directly, the pain can radiate in the area of the jaw. Those who have gaps in between their teeth or teeth which are severely damaged may have chances to develop jaw pain especially when the stress is forced on the jaw like biting or chewing.

Jaw Pain Symptoms

Jaw Pain Symptoms
Some of the major symptoms of jaw pain includes joint and muscle tenderness, ringing in the ears, jaw locking, dizziness, earaches, clicking or popping sounds with opening or closing the jaw, facial pain that worsens when the jaw is used, limited range of motion, jaw alignment issues, headaches with or without ear pain and pressure behind the eyes, becoming overly sensitive to pain, dull aching to sharp stabbing pain, toothache, nerve-type pain like burning, fever, facial swelling, vertigo, tension headaches, etc.

Some other symptoms may exist depending upon the root cause of the jaw pain. That is why people need to seek prompt medical attention to work out the cause of their pain. With the help of it, a treatment plan can be determined. Taking help from doctors, oral surgeons and dentists in such cases can be beneficial as they are able to evaluate the jaw pain.

Jaw Pain Treatments

Jaw Pain Treatments
Jaw pain’s treatment depends upon the actual cause. The treatment includes the following:

  1. Surgery to remove out the damaged bone, diagnosing the problem or treating an affected nerve.
  2. Antibiotics if the jaw pain is due to an infection.
  3. Using mouth protectors like a mouth guard.
  4. Physical therapy.
  5. Pain Medication
  6. Acquiring the correct posture to get rid of neck and back strain
  7. Acupuncture or massage
  8. Soft diet to avoid excessive crunching and jaw movement
  9. Cold therapy or moist heat application
  10. Root canal treatment, which is a process of treating infections within teeth

As we said that treatments are based upon the actual cause of pain. Still, there are different types of treatment including injection with local anaesthetics, stretching to stretch and sooth the affected muscles, various blood pressure medications when migraines are being treated, oxygen therapy and some other medications to treat cluster headaches, extraction of tooth if the cause is from infected or abnormal tooth, relaxation therapy, vapor-coolant sprays to relieve muscle’s painful areas (called trigger points) etc. Your doctor will be the finest person to tell you about the treatment which will be best suitable according to the situation. So try to consult with them and get better results.

Jaw Pain on the Left Side

There is a condition called trigeminal neuralgia which motivates jaw and facial pain. The pain is considered as short lasting and particularly makes its impact over one side of the face. It can also be electrical, stabbing or shooting in nature and may also mimic dental pain. Such types of conditions are often misdiagnosed and lots of patients undergo unwarranted dental procedures. The success of this treatment lies in appropriate medication and surgical procedures.

Sudden Jaw Pain

If the pain strikes with a sudden effect, here are some of the home remedies by which one can get immediate relief. What one needs to do is to place ice in a plastic bag and wrap it in a thin cloth. Apply it to the face for a matter of 10-15 minutes. After that, take it off for the some  time before re-applying it. One more option is to run warm water over the washcloth and then administer it to the jaw area. You may need to re-wet the washcloth multiple times to maintain the heat.

Jaw Pain Causing Headache

Jaw Pain Causing Headache
Cluster headache is a condition that causes pain to radiate the jaws. They typically element the pain behind or around one of the eyes, but the pain can radiate the jaws. Cluster headaches are considered as one of the most terrible types of headaches. Though other things like ear infections and migraines are responsible for the same. Tumors or cyst in the jaws and sinus infections will originate pain that radiates to the teeth. As we have mentioned earlier, jaw pain has numerous causes. It becomes crucial for the affected person not to treat only the symptoms but also to seek professional assistance.

What Is Dry a Socket?, Symptoms And Couses Of Socket

There must have been a concern that having a tooth pulled does not look like a good experience and no doubt wish to have some irritation afterward. One can consider it fine and can endure it when needed. But, when the pain makes a large impact over the person and the conditions get worse after a few days, there might be a possibility of having a symptom of a condition known as dry socket, named as alveolar osteitis in medical science.

Dry socket is considered as one of the unpleasant medical condition that sometimes appears after a person has a permanent adult tooth extracted. It is when the blood clot at the site of the tooth abstraction gets unable to prosper or it dissolves before the wound has healed.

How Common Is Dry Socket?

How Common Is Dry Socket?
If someone has extracted their tooth recently, the possibilities of the dry socket may appear. However it is the most common complication of tooth removal, it is still relatively there. People who smoke, have a history of dry socket after having teeth pulled, have wisdom teeth pulled, take birth control pills, have a greater-than-usual trauma at the time of tooth extraction surgery and have poor oral hygiene may be more likely to get dry socket after having a tooth pulled.  One more factor that can promote the risk of getting a dry socket is to drink with the help of a straw after having the tooth extracted or rinse and spit a lot.

Dry Socket Treatment

Dry Socket Treatment
Providing relief from pain and promote healing are the main focuses of dry socket remedies. Your dentist will eventually assist in the overall treatment, but the patient also needs to practice self-care to prevent debris from accumulating and promote healing. A period of 7 to 10 days is needed for the healing process to develop new granulation tissue to protect and cover the exposed bone of socket once dry socket sets in.

Some nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen or aspirin can be taken at the time of treating the dry socket. Sometimes these types of over-the-counter medications do not prove to be enough for relaxation in pain. In such cases, your dentist may prescribe a bit-heavier dose of a drug or will anesthetize the area.

Dry Socket Causes

Dry Socket Causes
If a protective blood clot does not form in the vacated space after tooth extraction, a dry socket can form. It can also originate when the blood clot gets dislocated from the gums. Normally, after a tooth is withdrawn, a blood clot will form as the initial step in healing to protect and cover the underlying jawbone. If the clot does not originate, healing is delayed and the bone is exposed. Certain known factors are also there which can increase the risk of a dry socket for a person like tobacco use. Dry socket can be understood as a result of chemical, bacterial, physiologic and mechanical factors.

Dry Socket Symptoms

Dry Socket Symptoms
A throbbing steady pain which displays a few days after the extraction of teeth is one of the symptoms of dry socket. The pain may radiate towards another part of the head like ears and eyes on the same side of the face. Other symptoms contain partial or total loss of a blood clot at the extension site, visible bone within the socket, unpleasant taste, and bad breath, etc.

How to Prevent Dry Socket?

One of the best ways to prevent dry socket is to follow the instructions of your dentist after the extraction. Along with that, practicing good oral hygiene and avoiding straw-based drink can prove to be beneficial as well. If someone has a habit of smoking or intake tobacco products, it is better to say them good-bye especially till the wound gets healed. Though, it will be better if they quit this option in their life as such things are not suitable for a human body.

Conclusion

A certain degree of discomfort and pain is ordinary after the extraction of teeth. Though one should be able to manage normal pain with the help of a pain reliever prescribed by the oral surgeon or dentist. Still, if someone is finding difficulties, it is better to consult with their doctor.