Dental Caries- Causes, Symptoms, Types and Treatment

Dental Caries

A pathological process which is driven by different factors, for example, cariogenic bacteria in the mouth, host immune system, and local conditions in the oral environment are known as dental caries. They are formed due to tooth decay that arises as a result of bacterial infections. Different types of bacteria are responsible for producing acids which erode or affect the tooth enamel and the underlying layers, known as dentin. This acid is originated when the concentration of sugar in food and drinks gets reacted with the bacteria present in the plaque. The acid generated leads to the loss of phosphate and calcium from an enamel. This process is known as demineralization.

How Does A Cavity Originate?

Cavity Originate
High sugar, starch, and bacteria are one of the major factors which contribute towards tooth decay. Near about 500 different types of bacteria shelter in a person’s mouth. They make a combination with food and saliva to develop a sticky substance called plaque which attaches to teeth. Things that contain starch add to the stickiness of the plaque and begin to get hard if it continues to remain on the teeth after a matter of some days and turns into calculus or tartar. Plaque’s bacteria convert sugar into acid which dissolves the teeth structure, resulting in holes or cavities. Due to these factors, dental caries is also termed as a dietobacterial disease.

About Fluorides

Fluorides
A substance that is found naturally in some water resources is fluoride. It is also regarded as one of the most common elements on the earth. The most important thing is that fluorides are helpful in preventing dental arises. The work of fluoride regarding dental care is that it slows down the process of demineralization, whereby the enamel loses phosphate and calcium when exposed to acid following ingestion of drinks and foods that contain sugars.

It is also beneficial in healing the surfaces that indicate early signs of phosphate or calcium loss, like opaque appearance. It is good to constantly maintain a low level of fluoride in the mouth whole through the day. Many kinds of toothpaste contain fluoride in it. It is delivered directly or topically to the surfaces of a tooth with the help of toothpaste, rinses, and assists in maintaining the fluoride levels in the mouth. Toothpaste containing fluorides are an important source of additional fluoride and must consume twice a day in order to maintain a constant level of fluoride in the mouth.

Dental Caries Causes

Dental Caries Causes
Dental caries can be found in two different areas of the teeth, namely occlusal caries and interproximal caries. Occlusal caries, which develop on the topmost part of the teeth where the particles of food repeatedly come in direct contact with the teeth. Interproximal caries is formed between the teeth. These are the two areas where bacteria can fix themselves and pose a risk to a person’s oral hygiene. If the teeth and its surrounding areas are not cared for properly, the bacteria will start digesting sugars that have been left from the food in a person’s mouth.

After that, it will convert into acids as a waste product. Such types of acids are powerful enough to demineralise the enamel on the teeth and produce a tiny hole, which is assumed to be the first stage of dental caries. The tooth loses its ability to reinforce the phosphate and calcium structures of the teeth naturally through saliva properties as the enamel begins to break down, and the acid penetrates into the tooth to destroy or from the inside out.

Sugar-One Of The Major Cause

Sugar-One Of The Major Cause
According to medical science, frequent consumption of sugars can lead towards dental caries. Dietary advice is given to limit the frequency of sugar intake. Research has stated that consumption of sugar remains a moderate factor of risk for dental caries even when populations have adequate exposure to fluoride. And that exposure is coupled with a reduction of sugar intake has an effect on caries reduction. It is advised that the foods and drinks that contain free sugars, like sugars which have been naturally present in them like fruit juices, honey and syrup should be recognized and the frequency of their intake especially between meals should be reduced.

Dental Caries Symptoms

Dental Caries Symptoms
Dental caries can appear at any stage of our life. We can uplift their standards by not taking care of our teeth and when promote unhealthy eating. Some of the major symptoms of dental caries include toothache, discoloration, pain at the time of chewing food, tooth loss, tooth sensitivity towards cold and hot, loose and bleeding gums, etc.

Risk Factors That Contribute Towards Dental Caries

Saliva prevents the mouth from getting dry and it also assists in preventing plaque to attach with the teeth. It also helps to digest and washes away food particles. A dry mouth or low salivary flow leaves the teeth more prone towards tooth decay. Given below are some of the genetic factors that affect dental caries.

  1. Size and Shape- Small teeth having different grooves and deep pits will be more vulnerable to the formation of the cavity as compared to the larger teeth with less and shallower grooves. Pits and grooves are responsible for encouraging plaque formation and are difficult to brush thoroughly.
  2. Enamel’s Thickness- Enamel is the name of the tooth’s main defence against cavities. Longer the presence of enamel, the longer it will take for a cavity to break through to the inside part of the tooth.
  3. Tooth Position and Bite- Overlapped and crooked teeth deliver more area for plaque to aggregate and are tough to keep clean. Several peculiarities can emerge if the bite is aligned poorly. Poor alignment of the bite can be responsible for causing the enamel on assertive teeth to wear down rapidly, leaving soft dentin exposed. Orthodontics is a deliberate cavity-prevention measure as straight teeth which are in a suitable position tend to stay cleaner as well as more cavity-free throughout a person’s lifetime.

Types of Dental Caries

Types of Dental Caries
Dental caries can also stand as tooth decay or cavities. It is one of the most common forms of oral health problems that people face. Even dental caries concludes different varieties starting from enamel carries to dentin carries, reversible carries, pit and fissure, smooth surface, early childhood caries, acute dental caries, primary and secondary caries. Out of which we will try to explain some of them in detail.

  1. Enamel Caries- Impact of cavities on enamel is because of the acidic environment produced by bacteria. Bacteria get energy by consuming the sugar content of the food and also develop lactic acid. This acid advances through demineralization of crystals in the enamel. The damage will be caused continuously till the bacteria physically penetrate the dentin.
  2. Acute Caries- It is a rapid process that affects a large number of teeth. Lesions of these caries are grey or light brown in colour as compared to the lesions caused by other types of caries. The unhealthy consistency of these caries makes the digging of the infected teeth difficult. Sensitive teeth and pulp exposure are the common effects seen in patients regarding acute caries.
  3. Secondary Caries- Edges of restoration and fracture places in the mouth are some of the common locations of secondary caries to occur. Such types of caries can result from an improper adjustment of restoration or incompetent restoration extension. In order to treat secondary caries completely, the complete removal of the original lesion is needed, that may appear as recurrent caries later.
  4. Early Childhood Caries- This variety of dental caries usually occurs in young children. Early childhood caries takes place at the time when a baby is fed with a milk bottle at bedtime and some small amount of milk drops remain inside the mouth for a long interval of time. It can eventually cause inflammation of the gums, yellowing the teeth and excessive pain in the teeth, the pain can raise difficulties in eating, speaking or sleeping. Mainly the two upper front teeth are affected in this caries. That is why one needs to take special care like avoiding bottle-feeding and night-time breastfeeding once the first baby teeth begin to visible.
  5. Arrested Caries- It is yet another variety of caries that becomes static without displaying any tendency to progress further. With the stabilization of oral hygiene, even advanced lesions may be arrested. One of its symptoms contains dark pigmentation without any breakdown of tooth tissues.

What Are Microcavities?

Microcavities
Our teeth have been located in such part of a body where a constant acid attack continues which strips the teeth of important minerals and breaks the teeth down. While these types of attack occur constantly, minerals also need to replenish with the help of fluoridated water or toothpaste and mineral-rich saliva. Even phosphate and calcium also favour fluoride in remineralizing the enamel. After the demineralization happens and is confined to the outermost layer of the enamel, it is known as microcavity, also known as an incipient cavity. Such types of cavities rarely grant anything more than very conservative treatment. It really threatens the tooth only when the cavity breaks through the enamel layer into the dentin.

That’s why when such types of symptoms are detected, it is better to try a remineralization protocol to explore if they can be reversed rather than jumping to a filling right away. A dentist will assist you in determining the most effective conservative treatment for such types of early cavities.

Dentists try to achieve a reputed balance between restoration and prevention, which is a balance between being reactive and proactive. He doesn’t want to be that much proactive that he tells those things that don’t need to be performed. On the other hand, he must not behave so much reactive that small problems become big problems in front of his eyes.

It is common thinking among many people that they often wait for the pain to dictate the timing of the treatment. Once the teeth start hurting, it often gets too late for small filling or remineralization. Pain can indicate towards tooth extraction, a crown or even root canal treatment. It is very important to choose the right dentist who can provide you ideal suggestions according to the condition of your problem.

Regardless of the dentist, regular returns to the dentist can be classified as one of the keys of being conservative so that one should examine, monitor and treat and cavity before it grows too much. More tooth structure gets lost as the cavity tends to grow. It may lead towards a greater likelihood of recurrent decay, tooth loss or fractured teeth.

Dental Caries Treatment

Dental Caries Treatment
Dental caries, in its early stages, can be stopped and reversed as well. Fluorides can be one of the prevention methods that help a tooth in the early stages of tooth decay in order to remineralize. Once a break appears in the enamel and condition of caries get worse, one must need to knock the doors of a dentist’s lab. To provide relief from the cavity, the standard treatment is to fill the tooth. The dentist might numb the area if he occupies a drill. There might be possibilities of using a laser, that usually does not require a numbing shot. After the process, the decayed material in the cavity gets removed and the cavity gets filled.

Dental amalgam and composite resins are two of the things used in the process of filling. Amalgam can be considered as a silver-grey material that is produced from silver, copper, mercury or other metals. On the other hand, composite resins are durable and tooth-coloured, and thus offer a better appearance. If the cavity seems to be large, the remaining tooth may not get able to support sufficient filling material to fix it. In this case, the practitioner may eject out the decay and cover the teeth with an artificial crown or a ceramic inlay-onlay.

It happens sometimes that bacteria may infect the pulp inside the teeth even if the teeth’s part stays relatively intact. At such cases, root canal treatment might be appreciated. The practitioner will remove the pulp and replace it with an inert material. In many cases, the teeth need a crown.

What Is Tooth Decay, Know About Symptoms & Causes

What Is Tooth Decay?

Tooth decay or cavity can be simply understood as a hole that develops in the teeth. They are permanently damaged areas in the hard surface of the teeth which forms into small openings or holes. They will begin with a small size and soon become bigger when left untreated. Just because many tooth decay does not cause pain in the initial time, it becomes hard to realize that a problem exists. Regular dental appointments are helpful in detecting tooth decay.

Tooth Decay Symptoms

Symptoms of tooth decay depend upon its extent and location. When the cavity takes place in the initial time, a person may don’t have any type of symptoms. But when the decay gets larger, some signs and symptoms may appear like toothache, tooth sensitivity, spontaneous pain or pain that occurs without any apparent cause, visible pits or holes in the teeth, pain at the time of biting, mild to sharp pain when drinking or eating something sweet, hot or cold, brown, black or white staining on any surface of the tooth.

Tooth Decay Causes

Tooth Decay Causes
Some of the major causes of tooth decay are sticky, sugary foods and beverages. The more sugar consumed, the more acid gets produced and lead towards decay. Sugar combines with a plaque to reduce the strength of enamel, results in leaving the person vulnerable towards tooth decay. The time when someone eats a sugary snack, their teeth get vulnerable to damage from the acids for the next 20 minutes. That is why a necessity in mind about tooth decay should be there to understand its cause so that one can learn the proper way to care for their oral health. Given below are some points which will try to display various causes of tooth decay.

  1. Poor Oral Hygiene If you are lazy and avoid brushing regularly, you are appreciating plaque to build up and attack the tooth enamel. Even if you don’t have any problem, try to brush timely, at least two times a day for keeping the mouth healthy.
  2. Eating & Drinking- Those who are conscious about their health knows what is right to eat for them and what to avoid. But many of them don’t have an idea that the things they eat can build-up the plaque even if it is healthy. Eating and drinking can also play a significant role in the formation of cavities. Whatever we eat or drink, the carbohydrates stays there until we brush. Even after brushing, we can’t get able to remove carbohydrates and other food particles completely from the teeth.

Foods that continue to remain in our teeth are responsible to encourage cavities. It is advised to brush your teeth regularly especially when you are drinking soda or milk, or eating dried fruit, hard candy, raisins, dry cereal, sugary cereals, breath mints, cookies, etc.

  1. Medical Problems Even they can also contribute towards tooth decay by causing acid from the stomach to flow back into the mouth. Along with that, some cancer treatment may promote tooth cavity especially those who expose head and neck radiation. It is because they can change the makeup of saliva to encourage increased bacterial growth.
  2. Dry Mouth Dry mouth may give rise for plaque to occupy space in the mouth. Saliva is helpful in washing plaque from the teeth. That is why it is recommended to drink at least a particular amount of water per day in order to keep the mouth wet and praise it to originate saliva.
  3. Plaque Build-up– Plaque is caused due to the combination of bacteria, food particles, acid and saliva in the mouth. Plaque then complies to the teeth and builds up over time. The acid present in plaque attacks the tooth enamel and can cause holes in the teeth that are known as tooth decay.
  4. Acid & Bacteria Many people will not like this fact but bacteria live naturally in the mouth. When such types of bacteria digest the carbohydrates which linger on the teeth and mouth, acid gets developed.

Basic Ways To Keep Away From Tooth Decay

Basic Ways
Our personal advice to all readers and the rest of the people is that try to brush your teeth at least two times a day to stay away from dental problems. Numerous toothbrushes can be found in the markets, what you should do is to pick the best one that can reach to all the surfaces of your teeth and it will be icing on the cake if it includes a textured tongue cleaner.

Eating a balanced and nutritious diet will not harm any of your body parts. Try to avoid carbohydrates like candy or chips that can stick through the tooth surface. Even if you eat sticky foods, make a small effort to brush once afterward to add stars in tooth’s life.

You can consult with your dentist about the use of supplemental fluoride that strengthens the teeth. You can also ask them about dental sealants which are known to be a plastic protective coating. They are applied to the chewing surfaces of the back teeth (molars) in order to keep them restricted from decay. Give some time to your dentist for professional cleanings and oral exam to avoid dental problems.

Even researchers are originating new means to prevent cavities. Several materials are being explored that slowly release fluoride over time and will help prevent further decay. These types of materials will be placed between or in pits and fissures of teeth. Those toothpaste and mouth rinses which can reverse and heal the cavities are also being studied.

Risk Factors Involved In Tooth Decay

Factors like the location of the teeth can increase the risk of having tooth decay as it mostly occurs in molar and premolars (back teeth). This species of teeth contains pits, crannies, grooves and different roots that can catch food particles. That is why it is hard to clean them as compared to the front teeth. Even things like ice cream, sugar, dried fruit, milk, honey, soda, cookies, cakes, mints, dry cereal, cake, and chips are more likely to cause tooth decay as compared to the foods that get easily washed away by saliva.

Don’t try to snack or sip sugary drinks steadily, because it gives mouth bacteria freedom to develop acids which attack the teeth and wear them down. Taking acidic drinks like soda throughout the day can assist to create a continual acid bath over the teeth. We do not feel about all such things but they tend to happen inside our little mouth.

It is special advice to mothers who have small babies. When pure souls are given bedtime bottles filled with things like milk, juice, formula or other sugar-containing liquids, they usually remain on their teeth for a healthy interval of time while they sleep, feeding decay-causing bacteria.

Fluoride is a naturally occurring material which helps in preventing the cavities and has the tendency to reverse the earliest stages of tooth damage. Due to its specialties, it gets added as a common ingredient in mouth rinses and toothpaste. Many public water supplies also add fluoride in water, but bottled water usually does not contain the same. Gastroesophageal reflux disease also termed as GERD, or heartburn can cause stomach acid to flow into the mouth, wearing away the tooth enamel and causing damage.

Complications That Arise In Tooth Decay

Complications
People do not entertain cavities and tooth decay just because they are very common. One may think that it doesn’t matter if a child gets cavities in its baby teeth. Though tooth decay and cavities can have lasting and serious complications, even for those children who haven’t got their permanent teeth yet. Complications may include pain, tooth abscess, chewing problems, positioning shifts of teeth after tooth loss, damage or broken teeth, swelling or pus around the teeth, etc.

A person may have some other complications when cavities and decay become severe. There might be weight loss or nutritional problems from difficult or painful chewing or eating. You may also face pain that interferes with daily living.

Tooth Decay Stages

Tooth Decay Stages
A number of steps are needed for the cavities to develop. Initiating from the loss of tooth mineral, called demineralization to eat all the way through the teeth can cause tooth decay. Even this disease can also occur when foods consisting carbohydrates get trapped between teeth and do not clear out with brush or floss. The person who is experiencing tooth decay may not be aware about this disease. The earliest signs will be displayed as the appearance of a small spot of decay which will be visible on the surface of the tooth. After it continues to demineralise, it can turn brown but will eventually turn into a cavity. The process is reversible before the cavity forms. The lost tooth structure cannot be regenerated once the cavity originates. A lesion which appears shiny and dark brown suggests that tooth decay were once present but demineralization process has stopped, leaving a stain. Active decay is dull in appearance and lighter in colour.

Tooth Decay Treatment

Tooth Decay Treatment
If symptoms like tooth sensitivity or pain are getting visible, one must need to tell the doctor so that he can identify the tooth decay. He can perform an oral exam, but in some cases, oral exams do not find out some cavities, that’s why they might go for a dental X-ray for exploring tooth decay. Various options are there to treat tooth decay. They have been mentioned below.

  1. Tooth Filling Treatment

Your dental practitioner might use a drill to remove decayed material from the teeth. After performing this task, he will fill the teeth with a substance like gold, silver or composite resin.

  1. Root Canal Treatment

When the cavity causes the death of a person’s nerves, the dentist will use a root canal to save their teeth. In this process, blood vessel tissues, nerve tissue and any other decayed areas of the tooth get removed. After that, the dentist will check for infections and apply medication to the roots according to the need. In the end, they will fill the teeth and there may be chances of a crown to take place as well.

  1. Crown

Crowns can be considered as a custom-fit cap that is used in place of a teeth’s natural crown. The dentist might use this option over the teeth of the patient. He will remove decayed tooth material first and will fit the crown over the person’s teeth.

 Keeping Eye On Children

Keeping Eye On Children
Children are fond of many things. These things also include those items which develop tooth decay in the mouth. That is why a child’s diet is crucial in preventing the cavity. Whatever we eat or drink something which has a presence of sugar or starch, bacteria living inside our mouth will use them to create acids. These acids start to eat away at the tooth’s enamel.

Our saliva can assist in fighting with acid attack. But we continue taking foods and drinks that have a presence of sugar and starches, saliva will not work ideally and the acid attack will entertain a victory, causing the tooth to lose minerals and thus, develop the cavity.

Make sure your child brushes. Encourage your kid to brush in both daytime and night. Keep eye whether they are not eating or drinking anything with sugar in it after bedtime brushing. A flow of saliva decrease at the time of sleep. Without sufficient saliva, teeth are less able to repair themselves after the acid attack. Small things can create some big impact on the upcoming time. If you are concerned about your child’s dental health, try to make their visit to the dentist.

Also, try to tell them about steps to thoroughly clean the teeth. Tell them something about tooth decay and its process of a formation so that they will learn something beneficial. Guide them about those things which can affect the health of mouth and teeth so that they could follow the guidelines and keep away from those things that are not suitable for them.

What is Plaque? Symptoms, Causes, Treatment and Prevention

Our teeth are covered with a sticky, colourless film of bacteria known as plaque. It can be blamed for causing cavities and gum disease. A plaque which is not removed daily with the help of brushing and flossing between the teeth can harden into tartar.

Tartar is also known as dental calculus, which is a brown or yellow coloured deposit that gets developed when plaque hardens on the teeth. Just because the formation of tartar on teeth is strongly bonded to the tooth enamel, it can be ejected out only by a dental surgeon. Tartar mainly takes place when a person has a dry mouth, braces, those who smoke or affected with aging. It is said that almost 68% of adult have tartar. At such times, brushing and flossing will become complicated because tartar collects at the gum line. When plaque, tartar and bacteria increases, the gum tissue can become red, swollen and can bleed at the time of brushing. The process takes place is known as gingivitis, which is an early stage of gum disease.

However, gingivitis can be reversible if a person takes care of its oral hygiene. But if it is taking place in a serious manner, try to adopt a professional treatment because if gingivitis if left untreated, they can proceed towards periodontitis. Periodontitis is a more severe type of gum disease that occurs when the bacterial infection causes the gums and the bone upholding the teeth to break down. At such cases, the gums may start to recede, pulling back from the teeth. The bone which supports the teeth can be destroyed sometimes that can lead to tooth loss.

Dental Plaque Symptoms

However plaque is mostly colourless, but it can be of a pale yellow colour. Everybody forms plaque as bacteria constantly form in our mouth. Such bacteria use ingredients found in our diet and saliva to grow. One of the best suggestions to avoid plaque is to maintain good oral hygiene. You can visit your dental professional every six months for a dental check-up. They may implement dental mirrors to explore plaque in hard to see places and scrape them between the teeth with the help of a dental scaler. A plaque which is not removed can be responsible for irritating the gums around the teeth that can lead towards gingivitis, like red, swollen or bleeding gums along with tooth loss and periodontal disease.

Complications Of Plaque

Plaque can lead towards cavities as the acids created by the bacteria in the plaque can make the pH level low and can eat away at the tooth enamel. Accumulation of plaque bacteria can make inflammation of the gums and the build-up of plaque from poor dental hygiene can lead towards bad breath. The surfaces of our teeth are uniquely hard and non-shedding unlike other parts of the body. Therefore, moist and warm environment of the mouth and presence of the teeth creates a nice surrounding for the development and growth of dental plaque.

Some of the ecological factors like pH, temperature, saliva and redox reactions contribute towards the formation of plaque. The ordinary pH range of saliva is supposed to be 6 and 7. The plaque biofilm is known to prosper in a pH between 6.7 and 8.3. This provides an indication that the natural surroundings of the mouth provided by saliva are supposed to be perfect for the development of bacteria in the dental plaque.

Saliva acts as a buffer in our body that assists to keep up the pH in the mouth between 6 and 7. Saliva, along with gingival crevicular fluid has primary nutrients like proteins, amino acids, and glycoproteins. This feeds the bacteria build-up of plaque.

Causes Of Plaque

Causes Of Plaque
Plaque takes place when foods containing carbohydrates like soft drinks, cakes, milk, raisins or candy are frequently left on the teeth. When food, saliva, and fluids combine together in the mouth, they create an environment which allows the bacteria to develop and deposit that collect on gums and teeth, especially where both of them meet. Plaque hides under the gum line and between the teeth. That is why it is advised to take care of your teeth and mouth by maintaining good oral health.

How To Remove Plaque On Teeth

Remove Plaque On Teeth
Plaque is supposed to be colourless and difficult to see. Heavy plaque deposits can be easier to get visible and may not look like a thick white deposit of food connected to the teeth. If someone is not sure to see their plaque on the teeth, there are some disclosing tablets that will temporarily stain the plaque so that one can discover them more easily. A person can also rinse with a few drops of food colouring in two ounces of water. Until the stain is gone, try to concentrate towards brush and floss.

  1. If you need to take care of your oral health, try to brush sincerely for at least two times a day. Pursue a soft-bristled brush with fluoride-containing toothpaste to clear out plaque from the tooth surfaces in order to save the teeth from decay.
  2. Take a balanced diet and limit between-meal snacks that can carry more sugar for the bacteria in plaque to convert into decay-causing agents. If you are fond of snacks, try to choose nutritious foods like cheese, plain yogurt, raw vegetables or fruits. Vegetables, especially celery is helpful in removing food and assist saliva to neutralize plaque-causing acids.
  3. Plaque is considered as sticky substances, that’s why it is eagerly important to brush or floss to remove them. Mouth rinses aren’t suitable enough to remove the plaque for keeping teeth and gums healthy.
  4. Scheduling regular visits for professional cleanings and dental examinations is one of the suitable ideas to prevent plaque build-up.

Conclusion

A healthy mouth can prevent you from a variety of problems. Only you need to do is to take care of your oral hygiene. Still, if you are facing problems related to your teeth or mouth, make sure to believe that a dentist will assist you in relieving your dental problems.

Chipped Tooth- Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Tooth, being one of the strongest parts of our body have to face many strains and stresses that can result in a chip, crack or break. Suppose you are eating something hard and notice that it doesn’t melt or dissolve. There might be chances of having a broken tooth. You might not feel any pain in your teeth unless the chip takes a large place to expose the inner layer of the teeth. If a chipped tooth exposes the nerves inside teeth, one may notice increased pain while chewing and tooth sensitivity or when the chipped tooth is exposed to very hot or cold food and beverages. If you have discovered something wrong with your teeth like if it has broken or chipped, don’t panic, try to consult your problem with the dentist with an immediate effect as they can do different types of things to fix this problem.

Causes Of Chipped Teeth

Causes Of Chipped Teeth
Chipped teeth have different types of causes. Poor nutrition is one of them. Even if you grind your teeth at night, you might be appreciating this condition. Eating hard food or candy, implementing the teeth as a tool like opening a can, biting open a bag, pulling apart things can lead towards chipped teeth. It can also happen if someone has some sort of trauma or injury to their face.

Cracked Tooth Symptoms

Cracked Tooth Symptoms
Different types of symptoms have been visible in case of a chipped tooth. It contains irritation of the gum, pain from pressure on the teeth at the time of biting that can be intense if the chip is near to or exposes the teeth’s nerve. One might feel a jagged surface when they run their tongue over the teeth. There might be irritation of the tongue from catching it on the uneven and rough edge of the teeth. There are some signs and complication of an untreated chipped tooth that contains swollen glands in neck or jaw, fever, bad taste, bad breath, sensitivity at the time of taking hot or cold foods and drinks.

Risk Factors For Chipped Teeth

Risk Factors For Chipped Teeth
Large fillings are responsible to weaken down the teeth. Even teeth grinding, cavities and tooth decay can eat away or wear down enamel. If someone intakes a lot of acid-producing foods like coffee, fruit juices or spicy foods, it tends to break down the enamel and leave the teeth’s surface to be exposed. Sugar can be blamed for producing bacteria in the mouth, and such types of bacteria can attack the enamel. Heartburn and acid reflux can also damage the tooth enamel as they can bring stomach acid up into the mouth of a person.

Diagnosing A Chipped Tooth

Diagnosing A Chipped Tooth
The surgeon can make the diagnosis of a chipped tooth by inspecting the condition of mouth. Treatment of such tooth basically depends upon its symptoms, severity, and location. There are things like tooth reattachment, bonding, porcelain veneer, dental onlays, etc. that can prove to be helpful in diagnosing the chipped tooth.

A chipped, cracked or broken tooth may not be noticeable or hurt. But one must not ignore this by a thought that it is not causing any trouble to you. No matter how minor the thing is, it is better to consult with a specialist to maintain good oral hygiene. Infections may take place with a quick effect, so make sure that you get correct treatment as soon as possible before the problem takes a big face. With the help of regular check-ups and discussions with the dentist, one can stop problems like cracks and fractures from developing into peculiarities.

Complications Of Chipped Teeth

Complications Of Chipped Teeth
There are different varieties in which teeth can be chipped. It contains sports injuries, nibbling on a pencil, grinding the teeth at night without the protection of a dental guard, biting on the nails, etc. Once the tooth enamel gets compromised, plaque and food particles deposits might begin to accumulate deep within the microscopic textures of the dental fracture. This process can create a new cavity to originate in the already distressed tooth. Even if the new cavity is not developing, chipped teeth can be structurally compromised. It can cause severe dental fracture when chewing or biting down on something hard.

Chipped Or Broken Tooth Treatment

Chipped Or Broken Tooth Treatment
If the tooth has been chipped or broken, it is better to move on to the dentist as soon as possible. If it is not treated on time, there might be damage in the teeth and it can become infected, possibly causing to end up losing the teeth. Treatment of both chipped and broken tooth depends on the severity. Talking about the chipped tooth first, if the chip is small, the surgeon might smooth and polish the teeth. If it involves minor damage to the tooth enamel, they might place a crown, filling or cap over it to restore its common function and appearance to safeguard the inner layers of teeth from infection and irritation. If the chip is large, more chances of root canal treatment arise in order to remove the damaged nerve along with a crown or cap to replace the chipped tooth.

Talking about the broken or cracked tooth, if it has been cracked simply, like simple cracks in the tooth enamel, they may not require treatment and one must consider their dental professional for evaluation. If it has been seriously cracked, the fracture may extend from teeth’s chewing surfaces down into tooth root. If someone is facing a seriously cracked tooth which goes through the tooth enamel’s outer layer and dentin to exposes the tooth pulp, there are chances for the teeth to become loose and the gums may bleed. There are some cases in which the cracked tooth splits vertically. If it happens in one of the molars, the dentist may be able to salvage one of the two tooth roots that molars have. If it is badly damaged, the person may need to remove or replace the tooth.

Even a cracked tooth can make its initial birth in the tooth root. Such type of cracked teeth is obvious and contains pain. They can cause infection and inflammation at the root of the teeth that often leaves extraction of the teeth as the only treatment.

What is Cavity: Symptoms, Causes and Effect on Your Oral Health

Do you know there are numerous bacteria that take place in our body! Many of them are considered as harmless and some even prove to be beneficial. Thereafter comes those bacteria that involve causing oral problems like tooth decay, periodontal disease, and cavities.

What Cause Cavities?

Talking about cavities, they are decayed areas in the teeth that occur as a result of acid-caused tooth decay, which can be understood as the destruction of tooth structure. Tooth decay is responsible for affecting both the enamel and dentin layer of the tooth. In some cases, they can extend into the pulp (nerve) as well. They occur when food containing carbohydrates that contain sugars and starches like cereals, milk, bread, fruits, soda, cakes or candy are left in the teeth. Bacteria which take place in the mouth digest such foods and turn them into acids.

After that, the acid, food debris, saliva, and bacteria combine together to develop plaque. As a result, it clings to the teeth. Acids presented in plaque give rise to dissolve the enamel surface of the teeth and create holes in the teeth, which is known as cavities or caries. Cavities can happen among anybody like children, teens or adults.

Cavity Treatment

If the decay is halted before it reaches to dentin, there are bright chances for the enamel to repair itself if people use fluoride. The treatment of fluoride requires the use of prescribed high-fluoride toothpaste along with different applications of fluoride at the dentist’s clinic. Once decay reaches the dentin, the practitioner will drill out the decayed material inside the tooth and will fill the resulting space with filling, called restoration. If the decay is treated at an early stage, it helps to maintain the teeth’s strength and limits the chances of pulp damage.

Fillings can be considered as a good option at the time of treatment. They are made up of different materials and the dentist can put them inside the teeth or around it. One of the most common fillings that are used in the back teeth is a silver amalgam. It is a combination of silver, copper, tin, mercury and occasionally palladium, indium or zinc. Here, strength is proved to be essential and the colour of silver is relatively inconspicuous. This amalgam can stretch at a life span of 14 years. If it is placed carefully with the help of a rubber dam and the person takes good care of its oral health, it can last for up to three times as mentioned above.

One can advance towards gold filling (inlays and onlays) that proves to be excellent but it will be expensive as compared to silver amalgam. Even composite resins are also implemented where silver would be conspicuous. Another way is a tooth coloured filling called glass ionomer that is formulated to release fluoride once in place, an advantage for people especially prone to tooth decay. It can be also used to restore the areas which have been damaged by overzealous brushing.

Endodontic treatment or root canal, along with extraction (tooth removal) can be used when tooth decay advances far enough to harm the pulp at a permanent basis. Both of them are used to remove the pulp and eliminate pain. When the tooth is extracted, it should be evaluated for replacement with an immediate effect. If not done on time, the neighbouring teeth can change position and alter the person’s bite.

Cavity Symptoms

Tooth decay can cause pain depending upon which part of the tooth has been affected and how deeply the decay extends. However, a cavity in the enamel cause no pain but the pain starts when the decay meets the dentin. People may feel pain when the affected tooth comes in contact with hot, cold or sweet foods or beverages.

Such types of pain will indicate that the pulp is still healthy. When a cavity is treated at this stage, the dentists get a chance to restore the teeth and there will be fewer chances of having pain at the time of chewing. Cavities that reach through the pulp can make irreversible damage. If such damage to the pulp occurs and the pulp subsequently dies, there can be a temporary relief in the pain. After that, the teeth will become sensitive when a person bites or when a force is pressed on it by tongue or fingers. It is because the infection has originated or the area at the root has become inflamed.

 

How To Prevent Cavities

  1. Diet

You can save yourselves by cavities in different ways. Try to limit snacking and take nutritious and balanced diet. We blame both carbohydrates and sugars for causing tooth decay, but the biggest culprits are sugars. Simple sugars like sucrose, fructose, lactose, dextrose, and levulose have the same effects on the teeth. The time sugar stays in contact with the teeth is what matters, that’s why you can rinse the mouth properly after the meal so that it will help to remove some sugar. Try to drink tea or coffee without sugar as it will help you in avoiding the cavities, especially on exposed root surfaces.

  1. Brushing- How To Do It Ideally?

Be sure to brush front, back and top sides of teeth to fight against cavities. Brushing with fluoride-containing toothpaste is helpful in removing the plaque, but they will emerge again in a few hours, that is why it is advised to brush at least twice a day. The shape and size of your brush must fit your mouth and allow you to reach all the areas easily. Place the toothbrush at an angle of 45-degree angle against the gums.

Move the brush back and forth in a gentle way in short (tooth-wide) strokes. It is eagerly important to clean the tongue along with teeth to remove bacteria and freshen the breath. Also, try to use the tip of the brush to clean the inside surfaces of the front teeth by using a gentle up-and-down stroke.

Pegged Teeth- Meaning, Causes and Treatment

 

All of us would love to have a gleaming smile on our face. It usually a result of crystal white beaming teeth. But what will happen when the teeth have a cone-shape and are significantly smaller than average, there might not be that attraction as compared to normal. It is known as a pegged teeth. These types of teeth are a type of a dental disorder, microdontia, that is a developmental disturbance of teeth and happens generally due to congenital reasons. Sometimes pegged teeth are also referred to as Dracula teeth. These types of teeth are tapered in shape and usually occur in the lateral incisors.

The presence of pegged teeth may address a congenital defect or an underlying disease. It occurs sometimes when the second tooth on either side of the two front teeth doesn’t develop correctly and appears smaller and pointier compared to the other permanent teeth. People having peg laterals often feel self-conscious especially when they have smaller or misshapen teeth. Even in some cases, pegged teeth can be baby teeth which have never been replaced by permanent teeth. In other cases, it can be a hereditary condition when the tooth is noticeably pointy and cone-shaped.

To get an ideal bite with the front teeth, it is mandatory that half a dozen upper and lower front teeth should be in proportion to each other. Peg laterals are responsible to throw off this proportion. Like, if someone has an ideal bite, he or she will be left with spaces around the peg lateral(s). One of the best ways to correct this condition is to restore the adequate proportion of the upper to lower teeth along with upper front teeth’s proportion to each other.

Peg Lateral Causes

Peg Lateral Causes
Two of the common causes of peg laterals are genetics and developmental anomaly. Genetic inheritance means people with peg laterals have parents with the same condition. It happens sometimes where multiple generations all exhibit a common growth pattern. There is an extremely rare condition known as incontinent pigmentation chromians. It is a birth defect that results in abnormal teeth, hypo-pigmented skin and sometimes contains neurological issues.

When a tooth doesn’t develop correctly, it is counted as a developmental anomaly. One of the most infamous causes of peg teeth is supposed to be congenital syphilis. The shape of such teeth can be formed if the mother did not begin penicillin treatment before the development of the teeth. Even ectodermal dysplasia is a hereditary condition that can cause peg teeth. This type of condition can cause abnormalities of not only peg teeth but also with skin and hair.

More About Peg Teeth

More About Peg Teeth
These types of abnormal teeth in adults can grow on either side of the jaw and the condition typically affects the single lateral incisors. When a person comes into an adolescent age, it is clear that having a lingering baby tooth is unlikely. In order to confirm whether it is baby teeth or peg teeth, it is necessary to visit your dentist to clear the confusion. Natural Pegincisors are believed to be connatural, however, they might get unnoticed until adulthood. Despite their unusual appearance, a person does not need to feel panic about the peg teeth.

Having a presence of peg teeth doesn’t mean that a person’s oral and general health is affected. The only thing is that the presence of such teeth can point to an underlying current condition or connatural defect that should be dealt with. They can’t be fully functional due to their size, however, they will not cause bite or alignment issues. Though the gaps are found between them, the position of their neighboring teeth won’t shift. In very rare cases, teeth inside the teeth can appear. Yet, this dental malformation is not linked directly with the peg teeth.

Treatment

Treatment
Although there is not medical essentiality of correcting the peg teeth, there would have been so many people around the world who do not feel great about them, being quite self-conscious at the time of smiling. The treatments are not complicated, but very much expensive, and they are helpful in bringing self-confidence again in a significant way. These procedures have been mentioned below.

  1. Veneers

They are super-thin covering that is fixed to the front surface of the teeth. The surgeon will prepare and shape the pegged teeth with the help of a dental drill. After that, a model of the affected teeth around it will be made. After the process, the veneer will cover your teeth and create an appearance of normally-sized teeth. However, they can chip and fall off especially when the underlying teeth suffer from decay is very small or damaged.

  1. Resins

Sometimes it is also known as dental bonding. Resins are often used to restore the chipped teeth. The surgeon will apply a tooth-coloured composite material that will be made up of plastic resin and glass to the peg teeth. Then he will build up their size until it matches the other teeth. The composite begins out as a liquid which the dentist paints it on the broken teeth and it will harden with a curing light. Different layers of this material are often applied to provide a correct shape and translucency to the teeth. The overall process is quite painless and local anaesthesia is not required usually. Resins can also chip off over time, that’s why you need to follow the instructions carefully to keep the bonded teeth healthy and infant.

  1. Crowns

It is supposed to be more complex than veneers and resins. A crown for peg teeth will cover much or even all of the existing teeth. The teeth will get reshaped so the cap will fit adequately and the local anaesthetic may be required for providing comfort. The dentist will make a model of the bite after the teeth are prepared and will provide you a temporary crown until the permanent is made. Dental crowns prove to be extremely strong and lifelike, resistant to stains, and expected to last for years.

Things To Know About Dead Tooth, Signs, Treatment

 

Our teeth develop from a combination of soft and hard tissues. If they are working correctly in our body, we may assume they are alive. But what if any one of them stops working! There might be signs of a dead tooth. Nerves which are located in the inner layer of a tooth’s pulp get damaged by different causes, such as injury or decay, which limit blood circulation to the tooth. This result in infection and the nerve may stop working permanently. Our teeth are so vital to our overall health that even subsequent pain or a tiny amount of tooth decay can create major distress, especially in such cases where a person doesn’t know where it is coming from.

A tooth can also die due to poor dental hygiene. If cavities are left untreated, they can slowly destroy the teeth’s condition. Cavities form on the enamel that is the outer protective layer of the teeth. If left untreated, they can slowly eat the enamel and threaten the pulp. It can cause the pulp to become infected which cuts off blood to the pulp and causes it to die. There are possible chances of having intense pain once the decay meets the pulp.

Signs Of A Dead Tooth

Signs Of A Dead Tooth
A dead tooth is not easy to identify in the early stages. The intensity of pain generally uplifts when there is an infection. If the infection grows more and reaches to abscess, a person might face different types of symptoms like swelling, foul odor, foul taste or pimple on their gums. One may notice black, yellow or grey discolouration. It usually happens from dying red blood cells that are common to bruising. The discolouration generally increases when the treatment does not take place.

Another possible sign of a dead tooth can be pain. It may happen according to the condition, like some will not feel any type of pain, while others may have mild or intense pain. It is mainly due to the dying nerve and can happen due to infection.

A healthy tooth generally contains a colour of white. However, the shade can vary depending upon the oral hygiene and diet of a person. Like if someone intakes those types of foods which are staining, for example, blueberries, coffee, red wine, or even if they smoke, they might not get the advantage of having a natural white-teeth smile as their colour may change to light yellow or off-white.

Dead Tooth Smell

Dead Tooth Smell
A dead tooth may produce a bad smell because it can cause abscess which drains into the mouth. Thus, we all need to take care of our oral hygiene to avoid different types of dental problems.

Dead Tooth Pain Relief

Dead Tooth Pain Relief
If a person allows a bacterial infection to take place in their teeth, they can leak out from the teeth’s root and start to attack the jawbone. It will result in causing the teeth to fall out anyway. That’s why it is important that a person must not wait for the teeth to remove by its own will as this process is painful and may cause further damage. The risk of losing additional teeth will increase if dental treatment is not acted on in time or by doing such things. If you are facing a lot of pain, some home remedies are there which can be implemented. But it is better to move towards the dentist as soon as possible.

Try to avoid hot beverages as they can increase inflammation and play a role in making the pain worse. There is a need to avoid hard things as the force of biting down on them can aggravate the damaged nerves. One may take the support of over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medications.

Basically, two types of treatment are applied in the case of a dead tooth which can been tooth extraction and root canal treatment. We will talk about the treatment of tooth extraction first.

Tooth Extraction

Tooth Extraction
We all love to have a complete set of our teeth as nobody would want to have them removed. But it may be the last option if the treatment is not taken on time. One of the cheapest, painless and simple procedures that are implemented to treat dead tooth is tooth extraction. However, it may be a bit costly if the tooth is replaced with a dental prosthetic. One should expect to receive either general or local anesthesia, depending upon the recommendation or preference of the surgeon.

In most cases of this treatment, the teeth get gripped tightly and then pulled from the gums. By performing this, the teeth will be broken up into pieces before being removed. After the surgery, the dentist will surely recommend you to take proper rest as the extraction site may bleed. If the pain looks to be a bit intense, try to impose an ice pack which will be helpful in minimizing the pain. The patient also needs to avoid drinking from a straw and stick to soft food for a matter of some days after the procedure.

Dead Tooth Root Canal

Dead Tooth Root Canal
The second popular option available after tooth extraction is root canal treatment. With this treatment, a person will be able to keep their tooth intact. The dentist will take the help of some small instruments in order to clear out the pulp during the procedure. Then he will clean out the infection. Once the cleaning takes place, he will fill and seal the roots. A permanent filling in the small opening will also be placed. The necessity of having a crown is needed in many cases following a root canal. The crown is said to be a covering that is particularly moulded to the person’s teeth. It is considered to be a preferential option especially when the tooth had a large filling or the enamel was damaged.

The tooth which has faced root canal can become brittle. That is why crowns are recommended for posterior teeth due to chewing and grinding. The practitioner will remove the part of the patient’s existing tooth and will fit the crown over it at a permanent basis. A crown can be made to suit the colour of your surrounding teeth in order to look similar.

Wisdom Teeth Removal Know About Impacted and Symptoms

What are Wisdom Teeth?

What are Wisdom Teeth?
Our mouth does not remain constant throughout life as it goes through many changes. One important dental milestone that takes place at the age of 17 to 21 is the arrival of third molars. The third and final set of molars which many people get in the late teens or early twenties is known as wisdom teeth. They are the last four of a person’s 32 teeth to erupt. These types of teeth have been named as wisdom because they come through at a more mature age. They can often grow in sideways, crooked or otherwise misaligned. Teeth may become tilted, displaced or twisted as they try to emerge. By the time they grow and develop, they can cause peculiarities of overcrowding and misalignment for other teeth as well.

Wisdom Teeth Impacted

Wisdom Teeth Impacted
Impacted Wisdom Teeth can be described as the third molar at the back side of mouth which do not have a sufficient space to emerge or originate normally. They are the last adult teeth that come into the mouth (erupt). Most of the people have four wisdom teeth in the back side of their mouth- a pair of two on the top and same at the bottom. According to some sources, several degrees of impacted wisdom teeth are there, based on where the teeth lie within the jaw. Soft tissue disorder happens when the tooth’s crown has crept in through the bone, but the gum is still covering part of the tooth. When the tooth has partially begun, but a part of the tooth keeps submerged in the jawbone, it is considered as partial bony impaction.

Impacted wisdom teeth contain different types of complications. Like if it pushes against the second molar, it may increase the risk of infection in that area or may damage the second molar. They appear to be at higher risk of tooth decay than other teeth.

Impacted Wisdom Teeth Symptoms

Impacted Wisdom Teeth Symptoms
It is not guaranteed that impacted wisdom teeth will always cause symptoms. Though, when an impacted wisdom tooth becomes infected, chances of damage over other teeth may arise and one may face other dental problems. Impacted wisdom teeth can prove to be very painful for some people.

Some of the symptoms have been mentioned below.

  1. The impacted wisdom teeth might break through the gums and part of the gums may get visible.
  2. A partially impacted wisdom tooth may cause problems like cleaning the tooth more difficult or causing the food to become trapped.
  3. One can feel swelling, pain, as well as infection in the case of impacted wisdom teeth and the situation, should not go untreated.
  4. Wisdom teeth pain may also lead towards impacted wisdom teeth.
  5. Some other symptoms contain jaw pain, bad breath, an ungrateful taste in mouth, problems in opening the mouth, red or swollen gums, etc.

Wisdom Teeth Removal

Wisdom Teeth Removal
While surgery may sound a bit scary, it is ordinary and often less painful than the discomfort linked with impacted wisdom teeth. According to a source, almost 85% of wisdom teeth need to be removed. One can remove the impacted wisdom teeth at an oral surgeon’s office. The practitioner will numb the patient’s mouth for avoiding discomfort at the time of the procedure and will make a simple incision to pluck out one or all of your impacted wisdom teeth. Once the teeth get extracted, the assistance of stitches will be there to close the incision and allow the gums to heal.

There might be chances of bleeding for a few days. After the treatment, it is very important to follow the instructions of a dental professional for post-surgical care. Once the mouth gets completely healed, one can return to their normal oral hygiene to keep their teeth and mouth healthy.

Most people can get back to perform their normal activities after a few days of surgery. It is said that the mouth gets completely heal in near about six weeks. After the treatment, there will be problems in opening the mouth for about a week, that’s why the patient needs to eat soft foods. As discussed earlier, the patient may experience some pain, swelling and bleeding, so it is better to follow the instructions of your dentist in order to manage discomfort, like using cold compresses and taking pain medications.

Conclusion

Sometimes a person may have impacted teeth but he does not realize it. If you have experienced any of the impacted wisdom symptoms, visit your dentist. If such types of teeth are left untreated, they can lead towards tooth decay and gum disease. Even possibilities of infection, damage and overcrowding may appear. Just because the bone is more flexible in people under the age of 30, removal of such tooth may be simpler before then. Even some impacted wisdom teeth do not need removal if they don’t cause problems.

What is Oral Cancer-Understanding Signs, Stages And Symptoms

Cancer is regarded as the uncontrollable growth of cells that attack and cause damage to the surrounding tissue. It is regarded as one of the threatening diseases among human beings. Different types of cancers are visible in this world. Out of them, oral cancer is cancer that produces in the tissues of the throat or mouth. It has a relation with a larger group of cancers, namely neck and head cancers. It can occur anywhere in the mouth, like on the lips, surface of the tongue, inside the cheek, in the upper and lower portion of the mouth, in the salivary glands and tonsils as well. This type of cancer is often treated similarly to other head and neck cancers.

One of the facts about mouth cancer is that it mostly happens after the age of 40, and is more likely to have in men (more than twice) as compared to women. Cancer is a very dreadful disease. It can be treated in the initial stages, but lots of difficulties arise in the last stages of a patient.

Oral Cancer Symptoms

Oral Cancer Symptoms
Your dentist might be the first person who can notify about the signs and symptoms of oral cancer. It is good if you proceed towards biannual medical check-up. Various symptoms of oral cancer include a sore on the lip or mouth that won’t heal, bleeding from the mouth, pain or difficulty swallowing, trouble wearing dentures, dramatic weight loss, a sore throat, tongue pain, a mass or growth anywhere in the mouth, a lump in the neck, an earache that won’t go away, white, red and white, or red patches in or on the mouth or lips, jaw pain or stiffness.

Oral Cancer Stages

Oral Cancer Stages
Cancer is generally classified in stages. Talking about oral cancer, there are four different stages mentioned below.

  1. The tumor is smaller, mainly 2 or fewer centimeters, and cancer has not spread to the lymph nodes.
  2. The tumorraises from 2-4 cm, and the cells of cancer have not been spread to the lymph nodes.
  3. The tumor develops and get larger than 4 cm and has not spread to the lymph nodes, or is any size and has not spread to other parts of the body, but one lymph node.
  4. Tumors have been originated of any size and the cancer cells have spread to the lymph nodes, nearby tissues and other parts of the body.

60 percent of all people having oral cancer get a chance to survive for five years or more. As we stated earlier, the stage at diagnosis, the higher will be the chances of survival after treatment.

Mouth Cancer Causes

Mouth Cancer Causes
Smoking items like cigarette, cigar or pipe smokers are considered as six times more likable than non-smokers to develop oral cancer. Even those who chew tobacco based items are 50 times more likely to originate mouth cancer in parts like the lining of the lips, cheek, and gums. People who take alcohol have six times more chances of oral cancer as compared to the non-drinkers.

People who have a weakened immune system, like those who have undergone an organ transplant or affected with HIV are at an increased risk for promoting oral cancer. Even having a past of oral cancer can uplift the chances of originating a second oral cancer again. If someone has a family history of oral cancer, it is the time to be attentive and take special care to avoid such types of diseases. Besides having a history of oral cancer in the family, there are particular genetic syndromes which increase the risk of producing oral cancer.

Mouth Cancer Treatment

Mouth Cancer Treatment
Treatment will be provided according to the type, location and stage of cancer at diagnosis. Basically, it is treated with surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, and some other things.

  • SurgeryIt is used in the early stages to eject the tumor and the cancerous lymph nodes. Along with that, other tissue around the neck and mouth may be removed out.
  • Radiation Therapy This therapy involves a doctor aiming radiation beams at the tumor of a person in a particular interval of time. Advanced stages occupy the mixture of both chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
  • ChemotherapyIt is basically a therapy with drugs that kill cancer cells. The medication is provided either orally or with the help of intravenous line (IV).
  • NutritionIt is another crucial aspect of oral cancer treatment. Patient who has been affected with such types of diseases often find difficulties in eating and swallow, even weight loss and poor appetite are common. So, it is beneficial to discuss the diet with the doctor or a nutritionist who can assist in planning a food menu which will be gentle for their throat and mouth to provide essential calories, vitamins, and minerals to the body.
  • Targeted Therapy Another form of treatment which can be used in both earlier and advanced stages of cancer is targeted therapy. Drugs of this therapy will bind to particular proteins on cancer cells and intervene with their production.

Signs Of Mouth Cancer

Signs Of Mouth Cancer
At the time of early stages, not such types of effective signs get visible over a person’s body, but those who contains a habit of smoke or are heavy drinkers must need to get regular check-ups with the dentist. Some of the symptoms and signs of mouth cancer contains pain when swallowing, poorly fitting dentures, a sensation that something is stuck in the throat, painful tongue, pain in ear or neck that does not go away, hoarse voice, jaw pain or stiffness, swelling that remains for over 3 weeks, sores or mouth ulcers that do not heal, loose teeth with no apparent reason, patches on the lining of the mouth or tongue, mainly red or red-white in colour, etc.

Conclusion

Poor oral hygiene may also lead towards oral cancer. Things like dried beans, peas, string beans, peppers, carrots, tomatoes, apples, peaches, pears, strawberries, nectarines, and plums are some of the fruits and vegetables which can prove to be helpful in decreasing the risk of oral cancer.

What is Gingivitis? Symptoms and Causes of Gingivitis

Gingivitis is considered as a common and mild form of gum (periodontal) disease that causes redness, irritation, and swelling of a person’s gingiva, the part of gum around the teeth’s base. It is a form of gum disease that takes place when plaque, a naturally-occurring sticky film persisting bacteria, builds up on the teeth and creates the inflammation of the surrounding gum tissue. Plaque is responsible for producing toxins which irritate the gums. It can cause the gums to become inflamed, developing them red or puffy, and even causing them to bleed. These injurious plaque bacteria can even result in creating issues beyond gingivitis like weakened tooth enamel.

It is very important to take care of your gum line even with regular brushing because a healthy mouth starts there. Prevention from diseases like gingivitis is necessary as an institution has stated a report that this dental condition is linked with an increased risk of diabetes, heart disease, lung disease, and stroke. Though, it hasn’t been shown to cause them.

Gingivitis Causes

Gingivitis Causes
Some major causes of gingivitis have been mentioned below.

  1. One of the most ordinary causes of gingivitis is poor oral hygiene. If someone is not brushing or flossing regularly, they are appreciating somehow for gingivitis to take place.
  2. Poor nutrition robs the body’s essential nutrients and makes it more difficult for the body to fight with infection, containing gum disease.
  3. Smoking or tobacco use is one of the greatest factors associated with gingivitis. Using tobacco-based products can lessen the chances of successful treatment. Research has stated that people who smoke are seven times more likely to suffer from gum-based diseases as compared to people who do not smoke.
  4. Even hormonal changes like puberty, menopause, pregnancy, and monthly menstruation can cause inflammation and increased sensitivity in the gums. Taking extra care of gums during such times can be helpful to prevent gum disease.
  5. Stress is also considered as one of the causes of gingivitis. Stress at constant basis appreciates in weakening the immune system and makes an adverse impact on the ability to fight infection.
  6. If someone is not removing plaque properly especially around the gum line, this can also become a cause to uplift gingivitis in your mouth.
  7. Some chronic diseases like diabetes, HIV or cancer impair the ability of the body to fight with infection including gum disease.

Gingivitis Symptoms

Gingivitis Symptoms

  1. Swollen, red gums is one of the initial signs that your gums need attention. Gum disease produces inflammation along the gum line. They may also feel painful and bleed easily when someone floss or brush.
  2. Sometimes we enjoy ourselves in laziness. We do not clean our mouth properly after eating food or something, that actually encourage millions of bacteria to take place inside our mouth. This can also lead towards disease related to gums.
  3. If someone is drinking a cold beverage, like cold water and it makes them wince, be attentive because your teeth might be telling you something. This is another symptom of gum disease.
  4. Some other symptoms of gingivitis include bad breath, tender gums, receding gums, etc.

Prevention from Gingivitis

Prevention from Gingivitis

  1. Whether the thing is about gingivitis or any other dental disease, one of the key aspects for a healthier mouth is to brush for at least two minutes twice in a day, in the morning time and before going to bed at night. Try to floss at least once a day. It will be better to brush after every meal or snack if your dentist recommends. Flossing before brushing gives the advantage to clean the loosened food particles as well as bacteria.
  2. Try to visit your dentist or dental hygienist regularly for cleanings, usually between six to twelve months. If someone has a risk factor which increases the chance of developing periodontitis, like having dry mouth, consuming different medications or smoking, they might need professional cleaning more often.
  3. Performing good health practices like healthy eating or managing blood sugar if someone has diabetes can also lead towards maintaining gum health.

Gingivitis Treatment

Gingivitis Treatment
Maintaining good oral habits, like brushing at least twice a day, getting regular checkups or flossing daily can eventually help in preventing and reversing gingivitis. Along with that, try to use anti-gingivitis toothpaste; the toothpaste should be able to clear plaque from both gum line and teeth. Many kinds of toothpaste are there which neutralize plaque bacteria around the gum line and are clinically proven to provide healthier gums. However, gingivitis can be treated with the help of different measures like deep cleaning the teeth, with the help of antibiotic medications and surgery.

  1. Cleaning teeth: Different techniques are used which can be implemented to deep clean the teeth without surgery. Root planning removes both plaque and tartar from the root surface and smoothes rough spots. As compared to scaling and root planning, lasers may remove tartar with less bleeding and pain.
  2. Medications: Antiseptic mouthwashes that contain chlorhexidine can be useful in disinfecting the mouth. Oral antibiotics are also there to treat persistent sides of gum inflammation. Doxycycline is an antibiotic which can help keep enzymes from causing damage in teeth. There is a procedure named as flap surgery in which the gums are lifted back while tartar and plaque are removed from deeper pockets. Tissue and bone grafts can also be used when jaw and teeth are too damaged to heal.

Gingivitis Complications

Gingivitis Complications
Untreated gingivitis can lead towards gum disease which spreads to underlying tissue and bone (periodontitis), a more complicated condition that can lead to tooth loss. Chronic gingiva inflammation has been thought to be linked with various systemic diseases like diabetes, respiratory disease, stroke, coronary artery disease, and rheumatoid arthritis. Even some research states that the bacteria responsible for periodontitis can make an appearance in the bloodstream with the help of gum tissue that possibly affects the heart, lungs and several parts of the body. Deficiency of Vitamin-C is linked to gum disease as well. Those whose parent or parents have had this disease earlier have a risk of developing it too.